Executive Summary- World Happiness Report
EDITED BY JOHN F. HELLIWELL, RICHARD LAYARD AND JEFFREY D. SACHS
The first World Happiness Report was published in April, 2012, in support of the UN High Level Meeting on happiness and well-being. Since then the world has come a long way. Increasingly, happiness is considered to be the proper measure of social progress and the goal of public policy. In June 2016 the OECD committed itself “to redefine the growth narrative to put people’s well-being at the center of governments’ efforts”. In February 2017, the United Arab Emirates held a full-day World Happiness meeting, as part of the World Government Summit. Now on World Happiness Day, March 20th, we launch the World Happiness Report 2017, once again back at the United Nations, again published by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network, and now supported by a generous three-year grant from the Ernesto Illy Foundation. Some highlights are as follows.
Norway tops the global happiness rankings for 2017
Norway has jumped from 4th place in 2016 to 1st place this year, followed by Denmark, Iceland and Switzerland in a tightly packed bunch. All of the top four countries rank highly on all the main factors found to support happiness: caring, freedom, generosity, honesty, health, income and good governance. Their averages are so close that small changes can re-order the rankings from year to year. Norway moves to the top of the ranking despite weaker oil prices. It is sometimes said that Norway achieves and maintains its high happiness not because of its oil wealth, but in spite of it. By choosing to produce its oil slowly, and investing the proceeds for the future rather than spending them in the present, Norway has insulated itself from the boom and bust cycle of many other resource-rich economies. To do this successfully requires high levels of mutual trust, shared purpose, generosity and good governance, all factors that help to keep Norway and other top countries where they are in the happiness rankings. All of the other countries in the top ten also have high values in all six of the key variables used to explain happiness differences among countries and through time—income, healthy life expectancy, having someone to count on in times of trouble, generosity, freedom and trust, with the latter measured by the absence of corruption in business and government. Here too there has been some shuffling of ranks among closely grouped countries, with this year’s rankings placing Finland in 5th place, followed by the Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia and Sweden tied for the 9th position, having the same 2014-2016 score to three decimals.
Happiness is both social and personal
This year’s report emphasizes the importance of the social foundations of happiness (see Chapter 2). This can be seen by comparing the life experiences between the top and bottom ten countries in this year’s happiness rankings. There is a four-point happiness gap between the two groups of countries, of which three-quarters is explained by the six variables, half due to differences in having someone to count on, generosity, a sense of freedom, and freedom from corruption. The other half of the explained difference is attributed to GDP per capita and healthy life expectancy, both of which, as the report explains, also depend importantly on the social context. However 80% of the variance of happiness across the world occurs within countries. In richer countries the within-country differences are not mainly explained by income inequality, but by differences in mental health, physical health and personal relationships: the biggest single source of misery is mental illness (see chapter 5). Income differences matter more in poorer countries, but even there mental illness is a major source of misery. Work is also a major factor affecting happiness (see chapter 6). Unemployment causes a major fall in happiness, and even for those in work the quality of work can cause major variations in happiness.
People in China are no happier than 25 years ago
Our China chapter is led by Richard A. Easterlin, who pioneered the economics of happiness more than 40 years ago. It contrasts the sharply growing per capita income in China over the past 25 years with life evaluations that fell steadily from 1990 till about 2005, recovering since then to about the 1990 levels. They attribute the dropping happiness in the first part of the period to rising unemployment and fraying social safety nets, with recoveries since in both (see chapter 3).
Much of Africa is struggling
The Africa chapter, led by Valerie Møller, tells a much more diverse story, as fits the African reality with its great number and vast range of experiences. But these are often marked by delayed and disappointed hopes for happier lives (see chapter 4).
Happiness has fallen in America
The USA is a story of reduced happiness. In 2007 the USA ranked 3rd among the OECD countries; in 2016 it came 19th. The reasons are declining social support and increased corruption (chapter 7) and it is these same factors that explain why the Nordic countries do so much better.
References OECD (2016) Strategic Orientations of the Secretary-General: For 2016 and beyond, Meeting of the OECD Council at Ministerial Level Paris, 1-2 June 2016. https://www.oecd.org/ mcm/documents/strategic-orientations-of-the-secretary-general-2016.pdf
Walking to Wellness exceeds 2016 steps recorded goal! Sets 50 MILLION steps 2017 Goal
Buffalo, NY: In 2016, the nonprofit Wellness Institute and community partners established a goal of 40 million steps to be taken by citizens of the region throughout the year. By leading walks in Erie County parks, shopping malls, the Buffalo-Niagara Medical campus and downtown Buffalo, the Wellness Institute and community partners, once again achieved their goal. Wellness Institute affiliate Explore Buffalo led the way contributing 36 million steps to the community goal. Refresh Magazine, Visit Buffalo Niagara , the BNMC and the City B-WELL Program are among partners. (Additional partners always welcome.)
Wellness Institute Executive Director, Philip L. Haberstro noted: “In 2016 our “Walking to Wellness” initiative was recognized as a community best practice by the NYS Department of Health. Additionally, our staff member Sarah K. Martin was awarded an “America Walks” fellowship to strengthen our capability to improve walkability. Our Walking to Wellness 2017 goal of 50 MILLION STEPS will be announced in mid-February along with the Spring release of a new walkability assessment DVD and toolkit. We are working strategically to increase physical activity by improving community walkability,Bikability and trails.”
Wellness Institute improves health at East Side's Response to Love Center
The Response to Love Center serves some of the East Side of Buffalo's most underserved individuals. In 2014, the Wellness Institute's Wendy VanEvery lead a series of health and wellness-related initiatives there, in partnership with Wegmans, to improve the overall client experience and access to healthy living information.
Beginning with planning a community garden, Wendy worked to educate staff and participants at the Center on nutrition and a daily goal of Striving for 5 fruit and vegetable servings as part of Wegmans' community health program, the Eat Well, Live Well Challenge. The 8 week Challenge was next, as participants logged steps taken and fruit and veggie servings in a friendly competition intended to increase knowlege and change behaviors. Evaluations overwhelmingly revealed participant's excitement at learning new information and their plans to use what they've learned once the workshop ends.
Other workshops Wendy helped to facilitate included Canning, In Home Exercises, and Stress Managment, to name a few. Wendy built relationships with Response to Love Leadership and Staff, educating and supporting their efforts along the way to ensure that the information shared would be sustained long after the workshops and challenges ended.
In August, Wellness Institute Staff joined the team from Wegmans as the United Way Day of Caring took place on the Response to Love campus. Groundskeeping, painting, cleaning, and other improvements ensured that the Response to Love Center can focus on serving it's clients and participants in a Mission-focused way rather than on the daily details of keeping the building up.
For more information on how your organization might benefit from Wellness Institute programs or services, please call us 716-851-4052.
Wellness Institute and IgniteHealth Partner to Offer Employers Comprehensive Workplace Wellness Program
IgniteHealth Wellness Management ServicesTM, and the nonprofit Wellness Institute of Greater Buffalo & WNY announce a strategic partnership to serve Western New York employers, seeking successful comprehensive workplace wellness programs. Together IgniteHealth and the Wellness Institute offer a range of quality services designed to improve employee health and proactively manage health spending increases.
IgniteHealth provides on-site biometric screening, which includes the IgniteHealth Quotient Biometric Risk Score, as well as access to the Mayo Clinic Healthy Living online health risk assessment tool. Confidential counseling is provided to participants based on the immediate results of testing, allowing them to make informed choices about lifestyle changes to improve their personal health. Much of the investment in the confidential employee health screening may be covered by a number of area insurance companies.
The Wellness Institute’s highly experienced professional staff offer consultation on the formation and sustainability of high performing workplace wellness committees, strategies for the creation of a sustainable culture of wellness, and proven programs related to improved employee wellness; productivity and an organizational culture supportive of employee well-being. Program evaluation of interventions round out the Institute’s services to maximize the employer’s investment. This strategic year-round approach to enhancing health at work provides the employer with a comprehensive results-focused wellness program.
Employers from all sectors seeking more information about the IgniteHealth and Wellness Institute services should call the Wellness Institute of Greater Buffalo at (716) 851-4052.
IgniteHealth Wellness Management Services is an on-site customer-oriented biometric screening and health evaluation experience designed for mid-sized employers, and is available regionally throughout New York State. www.ignitehealthnow.com
The Wellness Institute of Greater Buffalo and Western New York, Inc. is a public benefit organization providing advocacy, consultation, training and programs to build healthy communities, workplaces and schools. www.healthycommunitynetwork.com
WBEN radio Interviews Phil Haberstro...
Link here to access Pod cast of interview on WBEN radio with Wellness Institute of Greater Buffalo Executive Director Phil Haberstro: http://media.espn1520.com/a/87863326/buffalo-means-business-02-22-14.htm